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Career profile Sociology Professor

Also known as Adjunct Instructor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Faculty Member, Instructor, Lecturer, Professor, Social Science Instructor, Sociology Instructor, Sociology Professor

Sociology Professor

Also known as Adjunct Instructor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor

Interests Profile
  • Social
  • Investigative
  • Artistic
Pay Range
$38,910 - $145,990 (annual)
Required Skills
  • Speaking
  • Instructing
  • Reading Comprehension
Knowledge Areas
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Education and Training
  • Computers and Electronics
Core tasks
  • Evaluate and grade students' class work, assignments, papers, and oral presentations.
  • Initiate, facilitate, and moderate classroom discussions.
  • Compile, administer, and grade examinations or assign this work to others.
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What does a Sociology Professor do?

Sociology Professors teach courses in sociology.

In addition, Sociology Professors includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

What kind of tasks does a Sociology Professor perform regularly?

Sociology Professors are often responsible for overseeing or executing some or all of the following tasks:

  • Evaluate and grade students' class work, assignments, papers, and oral presentations.
  • Initiate, facilitate, and moderate classroom discussions.
  • Compile, administer, and grade examinations or assign this work to others.
  • Prepare and deliver lectures to undergraduate or graduate students on topics such as anatomy, therapeutic recreation, and conditioning theory.
  • Prepare course materials, such as syllabi, homework assignments, or handouts.
  • Keep abreast of developments in the field by reading current literature, talking with colleagues, giving presentations at conferences, and serving on committees in professional associations.
  • Conduct research in a particular field of knowledge and publish findings in scholarly journals, books, or electronic media.
  • Maintain student attendance records, grades, and other required records.
  • Plan, evaluate, and revise curricula, course content, course materials, and methods of instruction.
  • Supervise undergraduate or graduate teaching, internship, and research work.
  • Maintain regularly scheduled office hours to advise and assist students.
  • Advise students on academic and vocational curricula, and on career issues.
  • Supervise students' laboratory and field work.
  • Select and obtain materials and supplies, such as textbooks and performance pieces.
  • Collaborate with colleagues to address teaching and research issues.
  • Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with institutional policies, departmental matters, and academic issues.
  • Compile bibliographies of specialized materials for outside reading assignments.
  • Write grant proposals to procure external research funding and review others' grant proposals.
  • Mentor new faculty.
  • Participate in student recruitment, registration, and placement activities.

The above responsibilities are specific to Sociology Professors. More generally, Sociology Professors are involved in several broader types of activities:

Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
Analyzing Data or Information
Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
Training and Teaching Others
Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
Thinking Creatively
Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

What is a Sociology Professor salary?

The median salary for a Sociology Professor is $75,610, and the average salary is $85,180. Both the median and average roughly describe the middle of the Sociology Professor salary range, but the average is more easily affected by extremely high or low salaries.

Many Sociology Professors earn significantly more or less than the average, due to several factors. About 10% of Sociology Professors earn less than $38,910 per year, 25% earn less than $55,490, 75% earn less than $103,670, and 90% earn less than $145,990.

Between the years of 2020 and 2030, the number of Sociology Professors is expected to change by 7.5%, and there should be roughly 1,600 open positions for Sociology Professors every year.

Median annual salary
$75,610
Typical salary range
$38,910 - $145,990
Projected growth (2020 - 2030)
7.5%

What personality traits are common among Sociology Professors?

Interests

Career interests describe a person's preferences for different types of working environments and activities. When a person's interest match the demands of an occupation, people are usually more engaged and satisfied in that role.

Compared to most occupations, those who work as a Sociology Professor are usually higher in their Social, Investigative, and Artistic interests.

Sociology Professors typically have very strong Social interests. Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Also, Sociology Professors typically have strong Investigative interests. Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Lastly, Sociology Professors typically have moderate Artistic interests. Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

Values

People differ in their values, or what is most important to them for building job satisfaction and fulfillment.

Compared to most people, those working as a Sociology Professor tend to value Independence, Achievement, and Relationships.

Most importantly, Sociology Professors strongly value Independence. Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions.

Second, Sociology Professors strongly value Achievement. Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

Lastly, Sociology Professors strongly value Relationships. Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment.

Psychological Demands

Each occupation brings its own set of psychological demands, which describe the characteristics necessary to perform the job well.

In order to perform their job successfully, people who work as Sociology Professors must consistently demonstrate qualities such as integrity, dependability, and analytical thinking.

Below, you'll find a list of qualities typically required of Sociology Professors, ranked by importance:

Integrity
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Dependability
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Analytical Thinking
Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
Achievement/Effort
Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
Self-Control
Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

What education and training do Sociology Professors need?

Many Sociology Professors have earned a graduate degree. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a doctoral degree, such as a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D..

Sociology Professors may need some on-the-job training, but most candidates will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Educational degrees among Sociology Professors

  • 0.6% did not complete high school or secondary school
  • 1.4% completed high school or secondary school
  • 2.0% completed some college coursework
  • 1.8% earned a Associate's degree
  • 14.6% earned a Bachelor's degree
  • 32.1% earned a Master's degree
  • 47.4% earned a doctorate or professional degree

Knowledge and expertise required by Sociology Professors

Sociology Professors may benefit from understanding of specialized subject areas, such as sociology and anthropology, education and training, or computers and electronics knowledge.

The list below shows several areas in which most Sociology Professors might want to build proficiency, ranked by importance.

Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures, and their history and origins.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
History and Archeology
Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
Psychology
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Important Abilities needed by Sociology Professors

Sociology Professors must develop a particular set of abilities to perform their job well. Abilities are individual capacities that influence a person's information processing, sensory perception, motor coordination, and physical strength or endurance. Individuals may naturally have certain abilities without explicit training, but most abilities can be sharpened somewhat through practice.

For example, Sociology Professors need abilities such as oral expression, speech clarity, and oral comprehension in order to perform their job at a high level. The list below shows several important abilities for Sociology Professors, ranked by their relative importance.

Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Critical Skills needed by Sociology Professors

Skills are developed capacities that enable people to function effectively in real-world settings. Unlike abilities, skills are typically easier to build through practice and experience. Skills influence effectiveness in areas such as learning, working with others, design, troubleshooting, and more.

Sociology Professors frequently use skills like speaking, instructing, and reading comprehension to perform their job effectively. The list below shows several critical skills for Sociology Professors, ranked by their relative importance.

Speaking
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Instructing
Teaching others how to do something.
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Writing
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

What is the source of this information?

The information provided on this page is adapted from data and descriptions published by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration under the CC BY 4.0 license. TraitLab has modified some information for ease of use and reading, and the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment, and Training Administration has not approved, endorsed, or tested these modifications.

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