Also known as Research Associate, Research Coordinator, Research Scientist, Research Specialist, Social Scientist, Sociologist
Also known as Research Associate, Research Coordinator, Research Scientist
Sociologists study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations.
In addition, Sociologists may study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.
Sociologists are often responsible for overseeing or executing some or all of the following tasks:
The above responsibilities are specific to Sociologists. More generally, Sociologists are involved in several broader types of activities:
The median salary for a Sociologist is $86,110, and the average salary is $93,420. Both the median and average roughly describe the middle of the Sociologist salary range, but the average is more easily affected by extremely high or low salaries.
Many Sociologists earn significantly more or less than the average, due to several factors. About 10% of Sociologists earn less than $52,640 per year, 25% earn less than $65,680, 75% earn less than $111,910, and 90% earn less than $143,020.
Between the years of 2020 and 2030, the number of Sociologists is expected to change by 3.3%, and there should be roughly 300 open positions for Sociologists every year.
Career interests describe a person's preferences for different types of working environments and activities. When a person's interest match the demands of an occupation, people are usually more engaged and satisfied in that role.
Compared to most occupations, those who work as a Sociologist are usually higher in their Investigative, Artistic, and Social interests.
Sociologists typically have very strong Investigative interests. Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Also, Sociologists typically have strong Artistic interests. Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Lastly, Sociologists typically have moderate Social interests. Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
People differ in their values, or what is most important to them for building job satisfaction and fulfillment.
Compared to most people, those working as a Sociologist tend to value Achievement, Independence, and Recognition.
Most importantly, Sociologists strongly value Achievement. Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Second, Sociologists strongly value Independence. Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions.
Lastly, Sociologists strongly value Recognition. Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious.
Each occupation brings its own set of psychological demands, which describe the characteristics necessary to perform the job well.
In order to perform their job successfully, people who work as Sociologists must consistently demonstrate qualities such as analytical thinking, achievement/effort, and persistence.
Below, you'll find a list of qualities typically required of Sociologists, ranked by importance:
Many Sociologists have earned a graduate degree. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a doctoral degree, such as a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D..
Sociologists may need some on-the-job training, but most candidates will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Sociologists may benefit from understanding of specialized subject areas, such as sociology and anthropology, education and training, or mathematics knowledge.
The list below shows several areas in which most Sociologists might want to build proficiency, ranked by importance.
Sociologists must develop a particular set of abilities to perform their job well. Abilities are individual capacities that influence a person's information processing, sensory perception, motor coordination, and physical strength or endurance. Individuals may naturally have certain abilities without explicit training, but most abilities can be sharpened somewhat through practice.
For example, Sociologists need abilities such as written comprehension, oral expression, and oral comprehension in order to perform their job at a high level. The list below shows several important abilities for Sociologists, ranked by their relative importance.
Skills are developed capacities that enable people to function effectively in real-world settings. Unlike abilities, skills are typically easier to build through practice and experience. Skills influence effectiveness in areas such as learning, working with others, design, troubleshooting, and more.
Sociologists frequently use skills like reading comprehension, active listening, and writing to perform their job effectively. The list below shows several critical skills for Sociologists, ranked by their relative importance.
The information provided on this page is adapted from data and descriptions published by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration under the CC BY 4.0 license. TraitLab has modified some information for ease of use and reading, and the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment, and Training Administration has not approved, endorsed, or tested these modifications.
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