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Career profile Mining Engineer

Also known as Mine Engineer, Mining Consultant, Mining Engineer, Planning Engineer, Project Engineer, Safety Engineer, Safety Representative

Mining Engineer

Also known as Mine Engineer, Mining Consultant, Mining Engineer

Interests Profile
  • Investigative
  • Realistic
  • Enterprising
Pay Range
$57,040 - $156,270 (annual)
Required Skills
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Writing
Knowledge Areas
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Mathematics
  • Production and Processing
Core tasks
  • Prepare technical reports for use by mining, engineering, and management personnel.
  • Inspect mining areas for unsafe structures, equipment, and working conditions.
  • Test air to detect toxic gases and recommend measures to remove them, such as installation of ventilation shafts.
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What does a Mining Engineer do?

Mining Engineers conduct subsurface surveys to identify the characteristics of potential land or mining development sites.

In addition, Mining Engineers

  • may specify the ground support systems, processes, and equipment for safe, economical, and environmentally sound extraction or underground construction activities,
  • may inspect areas for unsafe geological conditions, equipment, and working conditions,
  • may design, implement, and coordinate mine safety programs.

What kind of tasks does a Mining Engineer perform regularly?

Mining Engineers are often responsible for overseeing or executing some or all of the following tasks:

  • Prepare technical reports for use by mining, engineering, and management personnel.
  • Inspect mining areas for unsafe structures, equipment, and working conditions.
  • Select or develop mineral location, extraction, and production methods, based on factors such as safety, cost, and deposit characteristics.
  • Select locations and plan underground or surface mining operations, specifying processes, labor usage, and equipment that will result in safe, economical, and environmentally sound extraction of minerals and ores.
  • Monitor mine production rates to assess operational effectiveness.
  • Prepare schedules, reports, and estimates of the costs involved in developing and operating mines.
  • Supervise, train, and evaluate technicians, technologists, survey personnel, engineers, scientists or other mine personnel.
  • Examine maps, deposits, drilling locations, or mines to determine the location, size, accessibility, contents, value, and potential profitability of mineral, oil, and gas deposits.
  • Design, implement, and monitor the development of mines, facilities, systems, or equipment.

The above responsibilities are specific to Mining Engineers. More generally, Mining Engineers are involved in several broader types of activities:

Working with Computers
Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Getting Information
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.

What is a Mining Engineer salary?

The median salary for a Mining Engineer is $93,800, and the average salary is $100,140. Both the median and average roughly describe the middle of the Mining Engineer salary range, but the average is more easily affected by extremely high or low salaries.

Many Mining Engineers earn significantly more or less than the average, due to several factors. About 10% of Mining Engineers earn less than $57,040 per year, 25% earn less than $71,990, 75% earn less than $121,670, and 90% earn less than $156,270.

Between the years of 2020 and 2030, the number of Mining Engineers is expected to change by 4.8%, and there should be roughly 400 open positions for Mining Engineers every year.

Median annual salary
Typical salary range
$57,040 - $156,270
Projected growth (2020 - 2030)

What personality traits are common among Mining Engineers?


Career interests describe a person's preferences for different types of working environments and activities. When a person's interest match the demands of an occupation, people are usually more engaged and satisfied in that role.

Compared to most occupations, those who work as a Mining Engineer are usually higher in their Investigative, Realistic, and Enterprising interests.

Mining Engineers typically have very strong Investigative interests. Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

Also, Mining Engineers typically have strong Realistic interests. Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Lastly, Mining Engineers typically have moderate Enterprising interests. Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.


People differ in their values, or what is most important to them for building job satisfaction and fulfillment.

Compared to most people, those working as a Mining Engineer tend to value Working Conditions, Support, and Independence.

Most importantly, Mining Engineers very strongly value Working Conditions. Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions.

Second, Mining Engineers strongly value Support. Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees.

Lastly, Mining Engineers strongly value Independence. Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions.

Psychological Demands

Each occupation brings its own set of psychological demands, which describe the characteristics necessary to perform the job well.

In order to perform their job successfully, people who work as Mining Engineers must consistently demonstrate qualities such as analytical thinking, attention to detail, and dependability.

Below, you'll find a list of qualities typically required of Mining Engineers, ranked by importance:

Analytical Thinking
Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
Attention to Detail
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Job requires being honest and ethical.

What education and training do Mining Engineers need?

Many Mining Engineers will have a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

Mining Engineers usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

Educational degrees among Mining Engineers

  • 1.1% did not complete high school or secondary school
  • 4.2% completed high school or secondary school
  • 5.8% completed some college coursework
  • 3.7% earned a Associate's degree
  • 57.2% earned a Bachelor's degree
  • 18.4% earned a Master's degree
  • 9.7% earned a doctorate or professional degree

Knowledge and expertise required by Mining Engineers

Mining Engineers may benefit from understanding of specialized subject areas, such as engineering and technology, mathematics, or production and processing knowledge.

The list below shows several areas in which most Mining Engineers might want to build proficiency, ranked by importance.

Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Production and Processing
Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Important Abilities needed by Mining Engineers

Mining Engineers must develop a particular set of abilities to perform their job well. Abilities are individual capacities that influence a person's information processing, sensory perception, motor coordination, and physical strength or endurance. Individuals may naturally have certain abilities without explicit training, but most abilities can be sharpened somewhat through practice.

For example, Mining Engineers need abilities such as oral comprehension, written comprehension, and oral expression in order to perform their job at a high level. The list below shows several important abilities for Mining Engineers, ranked by their relative importance.

Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.

Critical Skills needed by Mining Engineers

Skills are developed capacities that enable people to function effectively in real-world settings. Unlike abilities, skills are typically easier to build through practice and experience. Skills influence effectiveness in areas such as learning, working with others, design, troubleshooting, and more.

Mining Engineers frequently use skills like complex problem solving, reading comprehension, and writing to perform their job effectively. The list below shows several critical skills for Mining Engineers, ranked by their relative importance.

Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.

What is the source of this information?

The information provided on this page is adapted from data and descriptions published by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration under the CC BY 4.0 license. TraitLab has modified some information for ease of use and reading, and the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment, and Training Administration has not approved, endorsed, or tested these modifications.

If you have any questions or suggestions about this information, please send a message.