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Career profile Millwright

Also known as Maintenance Mechanic, Maintenance Millwright, Millwright, Millwright Business Representative, Millwright Instructor, Precision Millwright

Millwright

Also known as Maintenance Mechanic, Maintenance Millwright, Millwright

Interests Profile
  • Realistic
  • Conventional
  • Investigative
Pay Range
$36,450 - $83,690 (annual)
Required Skills
  • Operations Monitoring
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Installation
Knowledge Areas
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Design
Core tasks
  • Insert shims, adjust tension on nuts and bolts, or position parts, using hand tools and measuring instruments, to set specified clearances between moving and stationary parts.
  • Align machines or equipment, using hoists, jacks, hand tools, squares, rules, micrometers, lasers, or plumb bobs.
  • Level bedplate and establish centerline, using straightedge, levels, and transit.
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What does a Millwright do?

Millwrights install, dismantle, or move machinery and heavy equipment according to layout plans, blueprints, or other drawings.

What kind of tasks does a Millwright perform regularly?

Millwrights are often responsible for overseeing or executing some or all of the following tasks:

  • Insert shims, adjust tension on nuts and bolts, or position parts, using hand tools and measuring instruments, to set specified clearances between moving and stationary parts.
  • Align machines or equipment, using hoists, jacks, hand tools, squares, rules, micrometers, lasers, or plumb bobs.
  • Level bedplate and establish centerline, using straightedge, levels, and transit.
  • Signal crane operator to lower basic assembly units to bedplate, and align unit to centerline.
  • Assemble and install equipment, using hand tools and power tools.
  • Conduct preventative maintenance and repair, and lubricate machines and equipment.
  • Replace defective parts of machine, or adjust clearances and alignment of moving parts.
  • Lay out mounting holes, using measuring instruments, and drill holes with power drill.
  • Attach moving parts and subassemblies to basic assembly unit, using hand tools and power tools.
  • Assemble machines, and bolt, weld, rivet, or otherwise fasten them to foundation or other structures, using hand tools and power tools.
  • Shrink-fit bushings, sleeves, rings, liners, gears, and wheels to specified items, using portable gas heating equipment.
  • Move machinery and equipment, using hoists, dollies, rollers, and trucks.
  • Position steel beams to support bedplates of machines and equipment, using blueprints and schematic drawings to determine work procedures.
  • Dismantle machinery and equipment for shipment to installation site, performing installation and maintenance work as part of team.
  • Weld, repair, and fabricate equipment or machinery.
  • Dismantle machines, using hammers, wrenches, crowbars, and other hand tools.
  • Bolt parts, such as side and deck plates, jaw plates, and journals, to basic assembly unit.
  • Fabricate and dismantle parts, equipment, and machines, using a cutting torch or other cutting equipment.
  • Install robot and modify its program, using teach pendant.
  • Construct foundation for machines, using hand tools and building materials such as wood, cement, and steel.
  • Troubleshoot equipment, electrical components, hydraulics, or other mechanical systems.
  • Connect power unit to machines or steam piping to equipment, and test unit to evaluate its mechanical operation.
  • Operate engine lathe to grind, file, and turn machine parts to dimensional specifications.

The above responsibilities are specific to Millwrights. More generally, Millwrights are involved in several broader types of activities:

Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
Handling and Moving Objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Materials
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling materials.

What is a Millwright salary?

The median salary for a Millwright is $57,260, and the average salary is $59,080. Both the median and average roughly describe the middle of the Millwright salary range, but the average is more easily affected by extremely high or low salaries.

Many Millwrights earn significantly more or less than the average, due to several factors. About 10% of Millwrights earn less than $36,450 per year, 25% earn less than $44,990, 75% earn less than $70,820, and 90% earn less than $83,690.

Between the years of 2020 and 2030, the number of Millwrights is expected to change by 10.2%, and there should be roughly 4,400 open positions for Millwrights every year.

Median annual salary
$57,260
Typical salary range
$36,450 - $83,690
Projected growth (2020 - 2030)
10.2%

What personality traits are common among Millwrights?

Interests

Career interests describe a person's preferences for different types of working environments and activities. When a person's interest match the demands of an occupation, people are usually more engaged and satisfied in that role.

Compared to most occupations, those who work as a Millwright are usually higher in their Realistic interests.

Millwrights typically have very strong Realistic interests. Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Values

People differ in their values, or what is most important to them for building job satisfaction and fulfillment.

Compared to most people, those working as a Millwright tend to value Support, Independence, and Working Conditions.

Most importantly, Millwrights strongly value Support. Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees.

Second, Millwrights strongly value Independence. Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions.

Lastly, Millwrights moderately value Working Conditions. Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions.

Psychological Demands

Each occupation brings its own set of psychological demands, which describe the characteristics necessary to perform the job well.

In order to perform their job successfully, people who work as Millwrights must consistently demonstrate qualities such as attention to detail, dependability, and integrity.

Below, you'll find a list of qualities typically required of Millwrights, ranked by importance:

Attention to Detail
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Dependability
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Integrity
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Cooperation
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Adaptability/Flexibility
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

What education and training do Millwrights need?

Working as a Millwright usually requires a high school diploma.

Millwrights need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with this occupation.

Educational degrees among Millwrights

  • 7.0% did not complete high school or secondary school
  • 45.5% completed high school or secondary school
  • 27.9% completed some college coursework
  • 13.1% earned a Associate's degree
  • 5.2% earned a Bachelor's degree
  • 1.1% earned a Master's degree
  • 0.2% earned a doctorate or professional degree

Knowledge and expertise required by Millwrights

Millwrights may benefit from understanding of specialized subject areas, such as mechanical, mathematics, or design knowledge.

The list below shows several areas in which most Millwrights might want to build proficiency, ranked by importance.

Mechanical
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Mathematics
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Design
Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Important Abilities needed by Millwrights

Millwrights must develop a particular set of abilities to perform their job well. Abilities are individual capacities that influence a person's information processing, sensory perception, motor coordination, and physical strength or endurance. Individuals may naturally have certain abilities without explicit training, but most abilities can be sharpened somewhat through practice.

For example, Millwrights need abilities such as manual dexterity, finger dexterity, and control precision in order to perform their job at a high level. The list below shows several important abilities for Millwrights, ranked by their relative importance.

Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
Near Vision
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.

Critical Skills needed by Millwrights

Skills are developed capacities that enable people to function effectively in real-world settings. Unlike abilities, skills are typically easier to build through practice and experience. Skills influence effectiveness in areas such as learning, working with others, design, troubleshooting, and more.

Millwrights frequently use skills like operations monitoring, equipment maintenance, and installation to perform their job effectively. The list below shows several critical skills for Millwrights, ranked by their relative importance.

Operations Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Equipment Maintenance
Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
Installation
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
Troubleshooting
Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
Repairing
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

What is the source of this information?

The information provided on this page is adapted from data and descriptions published by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration under the CC BY 4.0 license. TraitLab has modified some information for ease of use and reading, and the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment, and Training Administration has not approved, endorsed, or tested these modifications.

If you have any questions or suggestions about this information, please send a message.