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Career profile Baker

Also known as Baker, Cake Decorator, Dough Mixer, Mixer, Pastry Chef, Scaler

Baker

Also known as Baker, Cake Decorator, Dough Mixer

Interests Profile
  • Realistic
  • Conventional
  • Enterprising
Pay Range
$21,070 - $43,310 (annual)
Required Skills
  • Monitoring
  • Active Listening
  • Speaking
Knowledge Areas
  • Production and Processing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Food Production
Core tasks
  • Check products for quality, and identify damaged or expired goods.
  • Set oven temperatures, and place items into hot ovens for baking.
  • Combine measured ingredients in bowls of mixing, blending, or cooking machinery.
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What does a Baker do?

Bakers mix and bake ingredients to produce breads, rolls, cookies, cakes, pies, pastries, or other baked goods.

What kind of tasks does a Baker perform regularly?

Bakers are often responsible for overseeing or executing some or all of the following tasks:

  • Check products for quality, and identify damaged or expired goods.
  • Set oven temperatures, and place items into hot ovens for baking.
  • Combine measured ingredients in bowls of mixing, blending, or cooking machinery.
  • Set time and speed controls for mixing machines, blending machines, or steam kettles so that ingredients will be mixed or cooked according to instructions.
  • Place dough in pans, molds, or on sheets, and bake in production ovens or on grills.
  • Observe color of products being baked, and adjust oven temperatures, humidity, or conveyor speeds accordingly.
  • Measure or weigh flour or other ingredients to prepare batters, doughs, fillings, or icings, using scales or graduated containers.
  • Check the quality of raw materials to ensure that standards and specifications are met.
  • Check equipment to ensure that it meets health and safety regulations, and perform maintenance or cleaning, as necessary.
  • Adapt the quantity of ingredients to match the amount of items to be baked.
  • Apply glazes, icings, or other toppings to baked goods, using spatulas or brushes.
  • Decorate baked goods, such as cakes or pastries.
  • Roll, knead, cut, or shape dough to form sweet rolls, pie crusts, tarts, cookies, or other products.
  • Direct or coordinate bakery deliveries.
  • Order or receive supplies or equipment.
  • Prepare or maintain inventory or production records.

The above responsibilities are specific to Bakers. More generally, Bakers are involved in several broader types of activities:

Monitoring Processes, Materials, or Surroundings
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Getting Information
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Materials
Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.

What is a Baker salary?

The median salary for a Baker is $29,400, and the average salary is $31,060. Both the median and average roughly describe the middle of the Baker salary range, but the average is more easily affected by extremely high or low salaries.

Many Bakers earn significantly more or less than the average, due to several factors. About 10% of Bakers earn less than $21,070 per year, 25% earn less than $24,810, 75% earn less than $36,000, and 90% earn less than $43,310.

Between the years of 2020 and 2030, the number of Bakers is expected to change by 9.5%, and there should be roughly 28,300 open positions for Bakers every year.

Median annual salary
$29,400
Typical salary range
$21,070 - $43,310
Projected growth (2020 - 2030)
9.5%

What personality traits are common among Bakers?

Interests

Career interests describe a person's preferences for different types of working environments and activities. When a person's interest match the demands of an occupation, people are usually more engaged and satisfied in that role.

Compared to most occupations, those who work as a Baker are usually higher in their Realistic and Conventional interests.

Bakers typically have very strong Realistic interests. Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

Also, Bakers typically have moderate Conventional interests. Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

Values

People differ in their values, or what is most important to them for building job satisfaction and fulfillment.

Compared to most people, those working as a Baker tend to value Achievement, Independence, and Support.

Most importantly, Bakers strongly value Achievement. Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

Second, Bakers moderately value Independence. Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions.

Lastly, Bakers moderately value Support. Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees.

Psychological Demands

Each occupation brings its own set of psychological demands, which describe the characteristics necessary to perform the job well.

In order to perform their job successfully, people who work as Bakers must consistently demonstrate qualities such as attention to detail, cooperation, and dependability.

Below, you'll find a list of qualities typically required of Bakers, ranked by importance:

Attention to Detail
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Cooperation
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Dependability
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Integrity
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Stress Tolerance
Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high-stress situations.

What education and training do Bakers need?

Working as a Baker usually requires a high school diploma.

Bakers need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with this occupation.

Educational degrees among Bakers

  • 20.4% did not complete high school or secondary school
  • 37.9% completed high school or secondary school
  • 20.3% completed some college coursework
  • 8.6% earned a Associate's degree
  • 10.8% earned a Bachelor's degree
  • 1.5% earned a Master's degree
  • 0.5% earned a doctorate or professional degree

Knowledge and expertise required by Bakers

Bakers may benefit from understanding of specialized subject areas, such as production and processing, customer and personal service, or food production knowledge.

The list below shows several areas in which most Bakers might want to build proficiency, ranked by importance.

Production and Processing
Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Food Production
Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
Mathematics
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Important Abilities needed by Bakers

Bakers must develop a particular set of abilities to perform their job well. Abilities are individual capacities that influence a person's information processing, sensory perception, motor coordination, and physical strength or endurance. Individuals may naturally have certain abilities without explicit training, but most abilities can be sharpened somewhat through practice.

For example, Bakers need abilities such as near vision, oral comprehension, and visual color discrimination in order to perform their job at a high level. The list below shows several important abilities for Bakers, ranked by their relative importance.

Near Vision
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Visual Color Discrimination
The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Critical Skills needed by Bakers

Skills are developed capacities that enable people to function effectively in real-world settings. Unlike abilities, skills are typically easier to build through practice and experience. Skills influence effectiveness in areas such as learning, working with others, design, troubleshooting, and more.

Bakers frequently use skills like monitoring, active listening, and speaking to perform their job effectively. The list below shows several critical skills for Bakers, ranked by their relative importance.

Monitoring
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Speaking
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
Active Learning
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

What is the source of this information?

The information provided on this page is adapted from data and descriptions published by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration under the CC BY 4.0 license. TraitLab has modified some information for ease of use and reading, and the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment, and Training Administration has not approved, endorsed, or tested these modifications.

If you have any questions or suggestions about this information, please send a message.