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Articles > 20 Career Matches for the INFJ

20 Career Matches for the INFJ

See which careers match well with the typical INFJ personality.

Reading time: 10 minutes

What careers match nicely with the INFJ personality?

After a short summary of INFJs’ career interests, you’ll find 20 potential career fits for INFJs, identified by combining data about INFJ personality patterns with detailed occupational information from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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INFJ Career Interests

The chart below shows where INFJs tend to fall on the classic RIASEC career interest dimensions: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional.

Your unique blend of these dimensions dramatically influences how well a career feels like a good fit.

The dark blue areas show where INFJs are most likely to fall on each dimension.

INFJs and RIASEC career interests
Patterns of career interests among INFJs

Most INFJs tend to have the following pattern of interests:

  • High Artistic interests (Creators): People with strong Artistic interests prefer jobs that require innovation through artistic and intuitive skills in less structured tasks and environments. Examples include artists, novelists, actors or actresses, musicians, curators, and designers.

  • Average Social interests (Helpers): People with strong Social interests fit well with careers that involve helping, comforting, caring for, and teaching other people. Examples include physical therapists, counselors, clergy, social workers, doctors, and nurses.

  • Average Investigative interests (Thinkers): People with strong Investigative interests prefer roles that require observation, researching, and understanding ideas. They tend to prefer working with data and ideas rather than working closely with other people. Examples include medical researchers, chemists, software engineers, scientific reporters, and statisticians.

  • Low Enterprising interests (Persuaders): People with strong Enterprising interests are often skilled communicators and enjoy influencing, persuading, and leading other people. They actively pursue leadership roles and opportunities to bolster their status and reputation. Examples include sales and marketing directors, politicians and political organizers, and executives.

  • Low Realistic interests (Doers): People with high Realistic interests enjoy careers that allow them to work with their hands or tools to get a job done, rather than thinking or talking about it. They may also gravitate towards jobs with opportunities for working outdoors, competition, and risk-taking. Examples include police officers, military officers, professional athletes, farmers, builders, mechanics, forest rangers, and woodworkers.

  • Low Conventional interests (Organizers): People with strong Conventional interests excel in roles that require categorizing, planning, and systematizing information and processes. Examples include financial officers, budget analysts, office managers, database analysts, and systems administrators.

However, it’s possible to find INFJs at any point on any of these six dimensions. While most INFJs have relatively low Realistic interests, there are still a few INFJs who score very highly on them.

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Most INFJs have intense Artistic interests, meaning they will gravitate towards roles with opportunities to create, innovate, and experiment.

Many INFJs also have strong Social interests, which fit well with roles requiring skillful communication and empathy.

Other INFJs tend to lean into Investigative interests, pulling them towards roles with heavy demands for thinking, analysis, and research.

INFJ Career Matches

People who work in the following 20 occupations tend to have similar interests to most INFJs:

Interpreters and Translators

Interpreters and Translators may also have job titles such as Court Interpreter, Deaf Interpreter, Educational Interpreter, Interpreter, Medical Interpreter, Paraprofessional Interpreter, Sign Language Interpreter, Spanish Interpreter, Technical Translator, or Translator.

What do Interpreters and Translators do?

Interpreters and Translators interpret oral or sign language, or translate written text from one language into another. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.

Salary and compensation for Interpreters and Translators

Interpreters and Translators earn a median hourly wage of about $25, and a median annual salary of $52,330.

Educational requirements for Interpreters and Translators

Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor’s degree, but some do not. In addition, employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

English Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary)

English Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary) may also have job titles such as Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Creative Writing Professor, English Instructor, English Professor, Humanities Professor, Instructor, Lecturer, Literature Professor, or Professor.

What do English Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary) do?

English Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary) teach courses in English language and literature, including linguistics and comparative literature. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

Salary and compensation for English Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary)

English Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary) earn a median annual salary of $69,000.

Educational requirements for English Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary)

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master’s degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree). In addition, employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

News Analysts Reporters and Journalists

News Analysts Reporters and Journalists may also have job titles such as Anchor, News Anchor, News Reporter, Radio News Anchor, Radio Talk Show Host, Reporter, Staff Writer, Television News Anchor (TV News Anchor), Television News Reporter, or Television Reporter (TV Reporter).

What do News Analysts Reporters and Journalists do?

News Analysts Reporters and Journalists narrate or write news stories, reviews, or commentary for print, broadcast, or other communications media such as newspapers, magazines, radio, or television. May collect and analyze information through interview, investigation, or observation. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

Salary and compensation for News Analysts Reporters and Journalists

News Analysts Reporters and Journalists earn a median hourly wage of about $23, and a median annual salary of $49,300.

Educational requirements for News Analysts Reporters and Journalists

Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor’s degree, but some do not. In addition, employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

Art Drama and Music Teachers (Postsecondary)

Art Drama and Music Teachers (Postsecondary) may also have job titles such as Art History Professor, Art Instructor, Art Professor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Instructor, Music Instructor, Music Professor, Professor, or Theatre Professor.

What do Art Drama and Music Teachers (Postsecondary) do?

Art Drama and Music Teachers (Postsecondary) teach courses in drama, music, and the arts including fine and applied art, such as painting and sculpture, or design and crafts. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
  • Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

Salary and compensation for Art Drama and Music Teachers (Postsecondary)

Art Drama and Music Teachers (Postsecondary) earn a median annual salary of $69,690.

Educational requirements for Art Drama and Music Teachers (Postsecondary)

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master’s degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree). In addition, employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Philosophy and Religion Teachers (Postsecondary)

Philosophy and Religion Teachers (Postsecondary) may also have job titles such as Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Humanities Professor, Instructor, Philosophy Instructor, Philosophy Professor, Professor, Religion Professor, Religious Studies Professor, or Theology Professor.

What do Philosophy and Religion Teachers (Postsecondary) do?

Philosophy and Religion Teachers (Postsecondary) teach courses in philosophy, religion, and theology. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

Salary and compensation for Philosophy and Religion Teachers (Postsecondary)

Philosophy and Religion Teachers (Postsecondary) earn a median annual salary of $76,160.

Educational requirements for Philosophy and Religion Teachers (Postsecondary)

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master’s degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree). In addition, employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Foreign Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary)

Foreign Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary) may also have job titles such as Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Foreign Languages Professor, French Professor, German Professor, Instructor, Modern Languages Professor, Professor, Spanish Instructor, or Spanish Professor.

What do Foreign Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary) do?

Foreign Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary) teach languages and literature courses in languages other than English. Includes teachers of American Sign Language (ASL). Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Salary and compensation for Foreign Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary)

Foreign Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary) earn a median annual salary of $69,920.

Educational requirements for Foreign Language and Literature Teachers (Postsecondary)

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master’s degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree). In addition, employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Choreographers

Choreographers may also have job titles such as Ballet Director, Choreographer, Dance Director, Dance Maker, or Musical Choreographer.

What do Choreographers do?

Choreographers create new dance routines. Rehearse performance of routines. May direct and stage presentations. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
  • Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.
  • Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

Salary and compensation for Choreographers

Choreographers earn a median hourly wage of about $21, and a median annual salary of $43,680.

Educational requirements for Choreographers

Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor’s degree, but some do not. In addition, employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

Self-Enrichment Teachers

Self-Enrichment Teachers may also have job titles such as Art Teacher, Dance Instructor, Dance Teacher, Driving Instructor, Flight Instructor, Instructor, Martial Arts Instructor, Music Instructor, Piano Teacher, or Teacher.

What do Self-Enrichment Teachers do?

Self-Enrichment Teachers teach or instruct individuals or groups for the primary purpose of self-enrichment or recreation, rather than for an occupational objective, educational attainment, competition, or fitness. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
  • Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

Salary and compensation for Self-Enrichment Teachers

Self-Enrichment Teachers earn a median hourly wage of about $19, and a median annual salary of $39,960.

Educational requirements for Self-Enrichment Teachers

Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate’s degree. In addition, employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

Music Directors and Composers

Music Directors and Composers may also have job titles such as Choir Director, Composer, Conductor, Film Composer, Liturgical Music Director, Music Composer, Music Director, Music Producer, Orchestra Director, or Songwriter.

What do Music Directors and Composers do?

Music Directors and Composers conduct, direct, plan, and lead instrumental or vocal performances by musical artists or groups, such as orchestras, bands, choirs, and glee clubs; or create original works of music. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

Salary and compensation for Music Directors and Composers

Music Directors and Composers earn a median hourly wage of about $25, and a median annual salary of $52,250.

Educational requirements for Music Directors and Composers

Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor’s degree, but some do not. In addition, employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

Recreational Therapists

Recreational Therapists may also have job titles such as Activity Coordinator, Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist (CTRS), General Activities Therapist, Recreation Therapist, Recreational Therapist, Rehabilitation Therapist, or Therapeutic Recreation Specialist.

What do Recreational Therapists do?

Recreational Therapists plan, direct, or coordinate medically-approved recreation programs for patients in hospitals, nursing homes, or other institutions. Activities include sports, trips, dramatics, social activities, and crafts. May assess a patient condition and recommend appropriate recreational activity. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
  • Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Salary and compensation for Recreational Therapists

Recreational Therapists earn a median hourly wage of about $22, and a median annual salary of $47,710.

Educational requirements for Recreational Therapists

Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor’s degree, but some do not. In addition, employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

Marriage and Family Therapists

Marriage and Family Therapists may also have job titles such as Clinical Therapist, Counselor, Family Therapist, Human Relations Counselor, Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT), Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC), Marriage and Family Counselor, Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT), Outpatient Therapist, or Play Therapist.

What do Marriage and Family Therapists do?

Marriage and Family Therapists diagnose and treat mental and emotional disorders, whether cognitive, affective, or behavioral, within the context of marriage and family systems. Apply psychotherapeutic and family systems theories and techniques in the delivery of services to individuals, couples, and families for the purpose of treating such diagnosed nervous and mental disorders. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

Salary and compensation for Marriage and Family Therapists

Marriage and Family Therapists earn a median hourly wage of about $24, and a median annual salary of $51,340.

Educational requirements for Marriage and Family Therapists

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master’s degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree). In addition, employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors

Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors may also have job titles such as Addictions Counselor, Case Manager, Chemical Dependency Counselor (CD Counselor), Chemical Dependency Professional, Clinical Counselor, Correctional Substance Abuse Counselor, Counselor, Drug and Alcohol Treatment Specialist (DATS), Prevention Specialist, or Substance Abuse Counselor (SA Counselor).

What do Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors do?

Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors counsel and advise individuals with alcohol, tobacco, drug, or other problems, such as gambling and eating disorders. May counsel individuals, families, or groups or engage in prevention programs. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.

Salary and compensation for Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors

Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors earn a median hourly wage of about $22, and a median annual salary of $47,660.

Educational requirements for Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master’s degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree). In addition, employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Architecture Teachers (Postsecondary)

Architecture Teachers (Postsecondary) may also have job titles such as Adjunct Instructor, Adjunct Professor, Architecture Professor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Faculty Member, Instructor, Interior Design Professor, Lecturer, or Professor.

What do Architecture Teachers (Postsecondary) do?

Architecture Teachers (Postsecondary) teach courses in architecture and architectural design, such as architectural environmental design, interior architecture/design, and landscape architecture. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
  • Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

Salary and compensation for Architecture Teachers (Postsecondary)

Architecture Teachers (Postsecondary) earn a median annual salary of $90,880.

Educational requirements for Architecture Teachers (Postsecondary)

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master’s degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree). In addition, employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Broadcast Announcers and Radio Disc Jockeys

Broadcast Announcers and Radio Disc Jockeys may also have job titles such as Anchor, Announcer, DJ (Disc Jockey), Host, Morning Show Host, News Anchor, Radio Announcer, or Television News Anchor (TV News Anchor).

What do Broadcast Announcers and Radio Disc Jockeys do?

Broadcast Announcers and Radio Disc Jockeys speak or read from scripted materials, such as news reports or commercial messages, on radio, television, or other communications media. May play and queue music, announce artist or title of performance, identify station, or interview guests. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.

Salary and compensation for Broadcast Announcers and Radio Disc Jockeys

Broadcast Announcers and Radio Disc Jockeys earn a median hourly wage of about $17, and a median annual salary of $36,770.

Educational requirements for Broadcast Announcers and Radio Disc Jockeys

Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor’s degree, but some do not. In addition, employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

Clinical and Counseling Psychologists

Clinical and Counseling Psychologists may also have job titles such as Applied Behavior Science Specialist (ABSS), Child Psychologist, Clinical Psychologist, Clinical Therapist, Counseling Psychologist, Licensed Clinical Psychologist, Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC), Pediatric Psychologist, Psychologist, or Psychotherapist.

What do Clinical and Counseling Psychologists do?

Clinical and Counseling Psychologists assess, diagnose, and treat mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests. Help individuals with distress or maladjustment understand their problems through their knowledge of case history, interviews with patients, and theory. Provide individual or group counseling services to assist individuals in achieving more effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment. May design behavior modification programs and consult with medical personnel regarding the best treatment for patients. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

Salary and compensation for Clinical and Counseling Psychologists

Clinical and Counseling Psychologists earn a median hourly wage of about $38, and a median annual salary of $79,820.

Educational requirements for Clinical and Counseling Psychologists

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master’s degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree). In addition, employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Sociologists

Sociologists may also have job titles such as Research Associate, Research Coordinator, Research Scientist, Research Specialist, Social Scientist, or Sociologist.

What do Sociologists do?

Sociologists study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
  • Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

Salary and compensation for Sociologists

Sociologists earn a median hourly wage of about $41, and a median annual salary of $86,110.

Educational requirements for Sociologists

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master’s degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree). In addition, employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Musicians and Singers

Musicians and Singers may also have job titles such as Choir Member, Gospel Singer, Musician, Opera Singer, Orchestra Musician, Percussionist, Singer, Singing Telegram Performer, Tenor, or Vocalist.

What do Musicians and Singers do?

Musicians and Singers play one or more musical instruments or sing. May perform on stage, for broadcasting, or for sound or video recording. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.

Salary and compensation for Musicians and Singers

Musicians and Singers earn a median hourly wage of about $31.

Educational requirements for Musicians and Singers

Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate’s degree. In addition, employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

Film and Video Editors

Film and Video Editors may also have job titles such as Editor, Film Editor, News Editor, News Video Editor, News Videotape Editor, Non-Linear Editor, Online Editor, Tape Editor, Television News Video Editor, or Video Editor.

What do Film and Video Editors do?

Film and Video Editors edit moving images on film, video, or other media. May work with a producer or director to organize images for final production. May edit or synchronize soundtracks with images. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.

Salary and compensation for Film and Video Editors

Film and Video Editors earn a median hourly wage of about $32, and a median annual salary of $67,250.

Educational requirements for Film and Video Editors

Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor’s degree, but some do not. In addition, employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

Speech-Language Pathologists

Speech-Language Pathologists may also have job titles such as Bilingual Speech-Language Pathologist, Communication Specialist, Educational Speech-Language Clinician, Speech and Language Clinician, Speech and Language Specialist, Speech Pathologist, Speech Therapist, Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP), Speech/Language Therapist, or Teacher of the Speech and Hearing Handicapped.

What do Speech-Language Pathologists do?

Speech-Language Pathologists assess and treat persons with speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. May select alternative communication systems and teach their use. May perform research related to speech and language problems. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.

Salary and compensation for Speech-Language Pathologists

Speech-Language Pathologists earn a median hourly wage of about $38, and a median annual salary of $80,480.

Educational requirements for Speech-Language Pathologists

Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master’s degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree). In addition, employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Technical Writers

Technical Writers may also have job titles such as Documentation Designer, Documentation Specialist, Engineering Writer, Expert Medical Writer, Information Developer, Narrative Writer, Requirements Analyst, Senior Technical Writer, Technical Communicator, or Technical Writer.

What do Technical Writers do?

Technical Writers write technical materials, such as equipment manuals, appendices, or operating and maintenance instructions. May assist in layout work. Other aspects of this role include:

  • Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.

Salary and compensation for Technical Writers

Technical Writers earn a median hourly wage of about $35, and a median annual salary of $74,650.

Educational requirements for Technical Writers

Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor’s degree, but some do not. In addition, employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

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